Thrush in Babies: Natural Remedies that Work

While it’s normal for infants to have white-coated tongues after feeding, how do we know for sure if these white bumps aren’t in fact oral thrush in babies?

In this post, we will show you how to determine thrush in babies, treat it naturally, and prevent it from recurring.

What is thrush in babies?

Thrush, or oral candidiasis, is an accumulation of the fungus candida albicans in the mouth that causes white lesions, or sores, that look more like cottage cheese than the normal milky whiteness associated with babies’ milk tongue from breastmilk or formula.

This fungus is normally present in everyone’s mouth, but thrush in babies occurs more frequently in infants because of their weak immune systems.

Breastfeeding moms are at risk to get thrush too since the infection can pass to mom’s breast (and oppositely, mom can pass it back to baby) and cause serious discomfort and pain (btw, this nipple cream seriously helps!). Fear not– we have some awesome natural solutions for babies with thrush (and moms too!) below and even some preventative tips to avoid this bad bacteria in the first place. (source)

Baby thrush symptoms

How do you know if your baby has oral thrush? When do you start worrying? The key to identifying thrush in babies is by simply examining your baby’s mouth, cheeks and tongue very carefully and watch closely how your baby is eating. (Keep in mind that baby can get also get a form of thrush that looks like a bad diaper rash. Read more about here.)

Here’s what to look for:

  • White lesions on child’s tongue and cheeks. These can be raised spots, a super thick coating, or overall tissue irritation
  • Loss of appetite in baby
  • Discomfort in baby while nursing

The lesions in baby’s mouth can cause pain and loss of taste, so it’s understandable that baby may be fussy.

Thrush symptoms

When thrush is passed to a nursing a mom, you might find that:

  • Your nipples are unusually red, cracked, sensitive or itchy
  • You experience pain while nursing
  • Your nipples feel sore between feedings

While all breastfeeding moms know nursing can be painful at times, pain from thrush is more intense, deeper than usual, and does not go away when your baby is done feeding. (source)

What causes thrush in babies?

Your baby is fussy, your nipples are so sore you just want to live in a warm bath, and you ask yourself, “how did this happen?”

As we said earlier, the fungus or yeast that causes thrush is naturally occurring and prevalent in most people’s bodies. However, a weakened immune system can cause a yeast accumulation in babies.

Antibiotics can play a major role in this. Our bodies, and our babies’ bodies, have a natural balance of microorganisms that keep us healthy. Bacteria sounds like a bad word, but there’s good bacteria and bad bacteria and antibiotics don’t discriminate. So, when mom or baby has to go on antibiotics, this disrupts the natural flora balance and makes us more susceptible to thrush. Luckily, there are so many wonderful ways to restore our balance, which we will talk about in the prevention section below. (source)

If neither you nor baby have been on antibiotics, there are other things that can weaken your immune system, such as illness, a poor diet, being exposed to harsh chemicals or just not getting enough sleep (very common with a newborn!).

So don’t be hard on yourself! Candida is a very opportunistic yeast and will pounce if you’re run down and relying on too much sugar or chocolate to cope.

If you go to your pediatrician, they will usually prescribe oral nystatin or fluconazole for you and baby. These are antifungal options that have been proven effective.

If you are a natural mama like me and want to try to avoid these if possible, we have some excellent options for you.

Just remember, thrush happens to many new moms and babies, though one study found it occurred less in homes where there was a furry pet, like a cat or dog. It is a common occurrence (especially in breastfed babies due to the warm moist area yeast likes) and is treatable.

Natural thrush treatments

Be sure to get your doctor or pediatrician’s approval before using these natural remedies for thrush.

Probiotics found in yogurt and breastmilk are a great place to start. If your baby is too young for yogurt there are safe probiotics for infants that you can look into. My doula recommended rubbing a serving of acidophilus powder on my nipple while breastfeeding, as this benefits both you and baby and your infected areas. Keep in mind, nursing may be difficult, but if you can get baby to latch on this should begin to resolve the bacterial imbalance.

If you are a nursing mom, reducing your sugar intake is essential, as a sugary diet can make symptoms worse (another reason why some moms and midwives are not fans of nystatin, which can contain sugar in order to make it palatable for infants, but it’s effectiveness is reduced in the process). (source) Check out these nourishing meals for a new mama for inspiration!

Grapefruit seed extract mixed with distilled water is another way to combat the yeast causing thrush. Grapefruit seed extract is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial compound made from the seeds and pulp of grapefruit. The recommended dosage is 10 drops of GSE (where to buy) mixed with one ounce of water, which is swabbed on mom’s sore nipples and baby’s tender mouth before nursing, just like the recommendation with probiotics.

Gentian Violet is another popular natural remedy for thrush. It is an antiseptic dye used to treat a myriad of fungal infections. However, what makes this remedy unpopular is the possible side-effect of increased swelling or soreness and the fact that it does turn your skin purple.

Yes, us moms can set aside our pride easily in order to relieve our baby’s pain and our discomfort, but it is important to note that you will have purple nipples and a baby who looks like they rubbed their face in blackberries for a few days. (source)

How oral thrush is treated around the world

Sometimes, here in the United States, we focus more on pharmaceuticals than natural remedies. Here is how other countries treat oral thrush:

  • Europe: Thyme is found to be effective against oral thrush.
  • China: Many cleanse when they have thrush, which speaks to our knowledge of diet and yeast balance.
  • South Africa: Lemon juice is a common treatment.
  • Russia: Oil-pulling is a common treatment which uses antifungal oils such as coconut oil and olive oil.

Baby thrush prevention

So, now that we know some ways to treat thrush in babies, what can we do to prevent it from happening? It’s all about supporting a natural flora balance in you and baby.

Some simple ways to do this include:

  • Regularly consume fermented foods that are high in naturally occurring probiotics like like yogurt, kefir, kombucha, sauerkraut, kimchi, etc.
  • Consider adding a good probiotic to your daily supplements. Just Thrive, BioKult and Prescript Assist are some of my favorites.
  • Eliminate junk food, sugar and soda from your diet
  • Keep your natural sugar intake low (even fruit). No more than 2-3 servings a day.
  • Include antibacterial and antifungal foods regularly in your diet such as: garlic, herbs like thyme and oregano, raw coconut oil and butter, black cumin seed oil (where to buy), raw pumpkin seeds, etc.
  • If you or baby ever have to go on antibiotics, take a probiotic too (at least 4 hours away from the antibiotic dose)

For garlic consumption, some moms love roasting cloves and spreading on toast. You can also make some of my pistachio pesto. Or simply throw some minced garlic into a veggie stir-fry or salad dressing. The key is to have regularly to reduce your chances of getting thrush or of thrush recurring.

Did you or your baby have thrush?

If you have any thrush remedies that worked for you, let us know in the comments below! Bottom line: You can tame thrush in babies (and in yourself!). It just takes some diligence, discipline and determination. You’ve got this, mama!



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  1. Thank you so much for this info! I think where I’ve gone wrong is a little bit too much sugar at this point! And now I know the problem, it’s just tough cutting that one out 🙈

  2. We have gone through two treatments of nystatin and one treatment of fluconazole. Seemed like it cleared up for a couple days and now Iran back full force. My 10 week old is so discontent, squirmy when eating, gassy, and not sleeping well. Surprisingly, he doesn’t have white patches but I’ve read that this doesn’t have to be a visible symptom. I have sharp stinging pains in my breast and my nipples are killing me. I’m strictly pumping bc we have had thrush for so long and it keeps decreasing my milk supply, I pump to ensure he’s getting a full meal. I have to sterilize everything each time, I’m so exhausted, and as of today I’m considering quitting the whole breatsfeeding thing just so we aren’t in pain anymore. I’m trying a couple natural remedies for the first time tonight: rinsing my nipples with water and 1 tbsp of vinegar after pumping. Let air dry. Then apply a paste on nipples made of baking soda and coconut oil and maleluca (Doterra). I’m going to try some of these suggestions as well. Thank you Mama natural!

    • Hopefully you’ll find some relief soon. Good luck!

  3. My baby is 2 months old and has thrush. I am bf-ing her and feel hesitant to give her anything that will ruin her virgin gut. Any suggestions for a natural remedy that I could use with someone so little?

    • Ask your provider about treating with probiotics.

  4. Hi,
    Thank you for the informative post. My baby is always having thrush and someone told me giving her raw tomatoes can help. Anyone tried this? I’m yet to try it.
    I would live to hear your responses.

    • How old is your baby?

      • My baby is eight months

  5. Great article. Nice remedies you advice in it. Really effective and useful. Natural remedy works superb. you solve my problem easily. I used so many medicines in trush problem but all in vain. Thanks for sharing an important information and knowledge with us. Keep sharing, waiting for your new posts.

  6. Hi Mama Natural,

    How do I clean my Little Ones fabric toys and stuffed animals that cannot go in the washing machine? He has thrush and I am trying to be extra vigilant so we will only have one case.

    Thanks in advance.


    • I would suggest vinager, and a dish soap. Buy a small container of both and pour into a bath tub. This is what I do and if you let it soak they come out sparkling clean. Just put into a Landry basket with towels layed inside. Let them dry. Put all stuffies blankets fabric stuff into the washing machine and the rest wipe down with disinfectant wipes and then wipe down with a baby wipe or a warm washcloth. Hope this helps 🙂
      From one mama to another

  7. My still bf 1 year old is battling thrush, and finally winning. I got the oral Nystatin for her, and after 2 days of administration (though it seemed to be working well) I found out about coconut oil, and of course prefer the natural remedy. So I used that instead for about 3 more days. Not seeing anymore of those pesky white patches I stopped- probably should’ve continued for a week to be safe. Because it reappeared. Now I’m swabbing her mouth 4x a day and applying to my nipples a concoction of coconut oil, GFS oil, and acidophilus, which is working well. This time I’ll continue treatment longer.
    And it’s worth noting that the yeast does show up in her diaper area as well, as small red bumps. I interchange coconut oil & athletes foot cream, even when it looks clear.

  8. I have suffered from thrush and it’s PAINFUL! I have found that coconut oil works when applied directly to my nipples. Plus it’s safe for baby. In a non-natural solution, I have also found that clomitrizol works, but I hate using it because it’s not natural.

  9. I absolutely LOVE this book!! I am a childbirth Educator and labor doula as well as a doula trainer. This book will be getting suggested at EVERY.SINGLE.CLASS. I teach from now on!! Great job! So useful and down to earth! I have 30 years of experience and I am thrilled to have found this book!!

  10. Hi Mama Natural,

    Thanks for the great post and thanks for spreading the word to be more natural :)!!

    We have been fighting with trush for months now and two rounds of Nystatin didn’t help to get completely rid of it, it seems to come back right away! Now I am reading about your suggestion “Gentiana Violett”, is it really safe to use inside the baby’s mouth? There are lots of contradicting Infos online and since I really value your knowledge I am interested to see what your take is…. hope you can help as I am getting frustrated with this situation :(!
    Thanks in advance for your valuable time & greetings from Germany 🙂

    • Yes! We use gentian violet when we get thrush and it is the quickest help! In babies mouth and my nipples. Our doctor recommended it over anything but be careful, it stains EVERYTHING!

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